Abbreviations related to Wastewater Applications

ARI

Average recurrence interval

BMP

Best management practice

BOD

Biochemical oxygen demand

CIRIA

Construction Industry Research and Information Association

CRC

Cooperative Research Centre

DLWC

Department of Land and Water Conservation

DUAP

Department of Urban Affairs and Planning

EMC

Event mean [pollutant] concentration

EPA

Environment Protection Authority

FC

Faecal coliforms

GPT

Gross pollutant trap

SS

Suspended solids

STM

Stormwater treatment measure

TP

Total phosphorus

TN

Total nitrogen

BMP

Better Management Practices

BOD

Biological Oxygen Demand

CoC

Code of Conduct for Responsible Shrimp Aquaculture

DOF

Department of Fisheries

GAP

Good Aquaculture Practices

GLOBAL G.A.P.

Global Partnership for Good Agriculture Practices

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

FCR or eFCR

economic Feed Conversion Ratio

HDPL

High Density Plastic Liner

IHHNV

Infectious Hypodermal and Haematopoietic Necrosis Virus

N

Nitrogen

NACA

Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia-Pacific

NMFS

National Marine Fisheries Service

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

P

Phosphorus

PCR

Polymerase Chain Reaction

PL

Post Larvae

RFD

Royal Forestry Department

SE

Asia Southeast Asia

SPF

Specific Pathogen Free

SPR

Specific Pathogen Resistant

TSV

Taura Syndrome Virus

YHV

Yellow Head Virus

WI:FO

Mass ratio of wild fish in to farmed fish or shrimp out

WSSV

White Spot Syndrome Virus

ANOVA

Analysis of variance

BOD

Biological oxygen demand

CCF

Central composite face

COD

Chemical oxygen demand

DAF

Dissolved air flotation

DHAA

Dehydroabietic acid

DOC

Dissolved organic carbon

DOE

Design of experiments

EC

Electrocoagulation

EC50

Half maximal effective concentration

EDL

Electrical double layer

EF

Electroflotation

FTIR

Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy

GC-MS

Gas chromatograph - mass spectrometry

HMM

High molecular mass

HPAC

Highly efficient composite polyaluminium chloride

ICP-OES

Inductively coupled plasma optical atomic emission spectrometry

IPA

Isopimaric acid

MLR

Multiple linear regression

NOM

Natural organic matter

NTU

Nephelometric turbidity unit

OHP

Outer Helmholtz plane

ORP

Oxidation-reduction potential

PACl

Polymeric aluminium chloride

PAF-SiC

Polyaluminium ferric silicate chloride

PASiC

Polyaluminium silicate chloride

PDADMAC

Polydiallyl dimethyl ammonium chloride

PFC

Polyferric chloride

PFS

Polyferric sulphate

PFSiS

Polyferric silicate sulphate

PICl

Polymeric iron chloride

PLS

Partial least squares

PSF

Polysilicate ferric

PtCo

Platinum-cobalt scale

PXRD

Powder X-ray diffraction

RSM

Response surface model

SCE

Saturated calomel electrode

SEM-EDS

Scanning electron microscope with energy dispersive spectroscopy

SRB

Sulphate reducing bacteria

SUVA

Specific ultraviolet absorbance

SVI

Sludge volume index

TOC

Total organic carbon

TSS

Total suspended solids

USD

United Stated dollar

UV/VIS

Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy

XPS

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy